What to do in Lisbon - History and Culture

Post Date 13-Oct-2021 11:14:04

As one of the top European destinations, Lisbon is the city of choice for many visitors' holidays. One of the visitor's main concerns is how to make the best out of the limited time they have: what to do? What to see? In this article, we gather a few suggestions.


Lisbon is the capital city of Portugal and the oldest city in Western Europe, it even predates Rome by centuries. 300 years ago Lisbon was a gilded city at the center of a world empire until it was struck by disaster. It was destroyed by an earthquake followed by a tsunami. The city was reconstructed and found its way back to the top cities in the world. 

Lisbon destroyed by tsunami an earthquake in 1755

Today, Lisbon is one of the best travel destinations in the world and it's easy to understand why: great beaches nearby, the cathedrals and monuments, the labyrinth cobblestone-covered streets, the seven hills that provide unique views over the city, the Tagus river, the food and wine, the welcoming people...the list goes on and on.

Book now a 3-Day Lisbon Tour


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There are so many things to see and do that you'd probably need more days than you have available for your visit. So, we gathered what we considered to be the top things to do in Lisbon (and to see) for you to make the best out of your time there.

Tower of Belém


This is one of the city's most emblematic icons and a symbol of the Age of Discovery. It was built in the 16th century and has been declared World Heritage Monument by Unesco.


The Monument of Discoveries

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Also in Belém, walking on the riverside path from Tower of Belém, you'll get to what is also one of the most iconic Lisbon monuments. It was conceived in 1939 to celebrate the Portuguese Age of Discovery during the 15th and 16th centuries.


Pastel de Belém (portuguese custard tarts)


This Portuguese pastry was created by Catholic monks at the Jeronimos Monastery around the 18th century. It has become one of the mandatory food experiences when visiting Lisbon. They are also know as Pasteis de Belém because, well, they were created and are available in Belém.

Jeronimos Monastery


Also built in honor of Portugal's Age of Discovery, this monastery is a stunning historical and cultural monument. Built-in the 16th century, it was commissioned by King Manuel I to honor the great Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama and his epic voyage to India in 1498. His tomb can be found inside Santa Maria Church. 

Lisbon Wineries

St. George's Castle


The castle is located on the top of one of Lisbon's seven hills and it offers a unique view over the city. Built by the Moors to stop the invading Christian forces, it was taken in 1147 by the first king of Portugal, Afonso Henriques.


Santa Justa Lift



Located in the middle of Lisbon's downtown, this neo-gothic elevator rises above the surrounding rooftops to provide another unique view of the city. Built-in 1901 by an apprentice of Gustave Eiffel himself, it became a national monument in 2002, after celebrating its first centenary.


Carmo Convent


This 14th-century medieval convent and its gothic church were mostly destroyed in the great earthquake of 1755. The church was only rebuilt in the 20th century and it is one of the few places that still hold visible traces of the earthquake that devastated the city.


Sé de Lisboa (Lisbon's Cathedral)


Located near Alfama, one of Lisbon's most emblematic neighborhoods, you can find this imposing Romanesque cathedral. It was built in the 12th century but it also suffered from the devastating earthquake disaster. It was rebuilt in a blend of architectural styles.


Oceanário de Lisboa


Built for the 1998 World Expo, this is one of the finest and biggest aquariums in the world. It's the home of thousands of marine and bird species from every corner of the world. Guaranteed fun for all the family!


MAAT - Museum of Art, Architecture, and Technology


Launched in October 2016 as part of EDP Foundation’s long-lasting commitment to cultural patronage, the Museum of Art, Architecture, and Technology (maat) is an international institution dedicated to fostering critical discourse and creative practice that inspire new understandings of the historical present and an empowering engagement with the common future.

Arco da Rua Augusta / Rua Augusta Arch

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The Rua Augusta Arch is one of the most distinctive architectural elements of downtown Lisbon. Located at the end of Rua Augusta, the Arco gives access to the grandiose Praça do Comércio. But there is more to see beyond its facade. It is possible to climb to the top of the Arco where you will be able to admire an extraordinary view over the Tagus River and the historic center of the city.


Something extra you can find in the surroundings

Parque e Palácio Nacional da Pena, Sintra 

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Sintra, the Moon Hill, is a place full of magic and mystery, where Nature and Man have combined in such a perfect symbiosis that UNESCO has granted it Word Heritage Site status. Fall in love with some of the most romantic and astonishing Palaces in Portugal. The sumptuous and wonderfully atmospheric National Palace of Pena and its Gardens, which appears as a wild fantasy of domes, towers, ramparts, and walkways.

There are still many places to see and many other activities to do, Lisbon has never had so much to offer! This is just the tip of the iceberg and probably one more article will be needed to tell you about more things to do in Lisbon. In the meanwhile, you can create your own tour to suit your preferences and needs.

Article originally published in 2019, and altered so that its contents are closer to reality.

Topics:   Wine Tours Lisbon Food Tours Lisbon Tours History Tours Culture Tours

Wine Tourism in Portugal

Written by: Wine Tourism in Portugal

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